Epidural Anesthesia in Small Mammals

Are you using epidurals in your practice? The epidural is a neuroaxial technique that provides preemptive analgesia by injecting drug into the epidural space surrounding the spine. Epidurals can be used for abdominal surgery, perineal surgery, and orthopedic procedures involving the pelvic limb or spine. Some opioids can also travel cranially to provide supplemental analgesia for chest and thoracic limb procedures. Epidurals serve as an adjunct to systemic analgesia, and epidural analgesia also reduces the amount of anesthetic drug needed. Epidurals can also shorten recovery time . . .

To continue you need to be a LafeberVet.com member. (Français), (Español)

Pour continuer, vous devez être un membre LafeberVet.com

Para continuar, debe ser miembro de LafeberVet.com

Already a LafeberVet Member?

Please Login


An NO, Evans HE. Anatomy of the ferret. In: Fox JG (ed). Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia; 1988. Pp. 14-65. Coulter CA, Flecknell PA, Leach MC, Richardson CA. Reported analgesic administration to rabbits undergoing experimental surgical procedures. Vet Res 7: 12, 2011 Eshar D, Wilson J. Epidural anesthesia and analgesia in ferrets. Lab Anim 39(11):339-340, 2010.

Greenaway JB, Partlow GD, Gonsholt NL, Fisher KR. Anatomy of the lumbosacral spinal cord in rabbits. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc37(1):27-34, 2001.

Harms CA, Sladky KK, Horne WA, Stoskopf MK Epidural analgesia in ferrets. Exotic DVM 4(3):40-42, 2000.

Johnston M. Epidural drugs. Available at http://beta.vin.com/Members/Boards/Discussion Viewer.aspx?ThreadId=1151573&id=5272820&ViewFirst=1. January 30, 2012. Accessed on March 25, 2012.

Konakci S, Adanir T, Yilmaz G, Rezanko T. The efficacy and neurotoxicity of dexmedetomidine administered via the epidural route. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 25(5):403-409, 2008.

Morimoto K, Nisimura R, Matsunaga S, et al. Epidural analgesia with a combination of bupivacaine and buprenorphine in rats. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 48(5):303-312, 2001.

Sladky KK, Horne WA, Goodrowe KL, et al. Evaluation of epidural morphine for postoperative analgesia in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). Contemporary topics in Laboratory Animal Science 39(6):33-38, 2000.

Wynn RL, Essien E, Thut PD. The effects of different antiemetic agents on morphine-induced emesis in ferrets. Eur J Pharm 241:47-54, 1993.

To cite this page:

Pollock C, Lichtenberger M, Echols MS. Epidural anesthesia in small mammals. LafeberVet website. June 17, 2013. https://lafeber.com/vet/epidural-anesthesia-in-small-mammals/