Article 

External Coaptation in Birds: Bandages and Splints

Traumatic orthopedic injuries are relatively common in the avian patient. Although bird bones are strong when intact, they tend to shatter on impact as the cortices are thin and brittle. A lack of abundant soft tissue coverage often leads to open fractures…

Article 

Catheter Placement in the Avian Patient

General anesthesia is generally required for placement unless the patient is extremely weak. A spinal needle or hypodermic needle may be selected.