James Haberfield, BSc, BVMS, PGCBM, MANZCVS (Unusual Pets, Avian Health)

James Haberfield is the founder, director and a current veterinarian at Unusual Pet Vets in Australia with clinics in Perth, Melbourne and Brisbane. Dr. Haberfield earned a Bachelor of Science (BSc) and Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery (BVMS) as well as a post-graduate certificate in business management (PGCBM) from Murdoch University…

Case Study  Slideshow 

Case Challenge: An 8-Month-Old Chameleon With Anorexia & Lethargy

An 8-month old female veiled chameleon presents for a 3-day duration of anorexia and lethargy. Use history, physical examination findings, laboratory results and survey radiographs to solve this case challenge.

Article  Case Study  Webinar 

Avian Wildlife Euthanasia Techniques

Wildlife often present to veterinarians and wildlife rehabilitators with conditions that warrant euthanasia. It can be difficult, however, to apply mammalian methods of euthanasia to species with unique physiology such as birds. This fall 2020 Dr. Renée Schott will share a non-interactive webinar recording about this important topic. The content for this recording has already been approved by American Association of Veterinary State Boards Registry of Continuing Education.

Article  Video 

Dacryocystitis and Nasolacrimal Flush in Rabbits

Ocular problems are common in both laboratory and pet rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus), and disease of the nasolacrimal duct is one of the most frequently reported ocular diseases in rabbits. This review article features a brief video illustrating this clinical technique plus step-by-step guidance as well as clinically relevant anatomy and recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of dacryocystitis.

Joanne Sheen, BVM&S CertZooMed DABVP (Exotic Companion Mammals)

Jo Sheen is an associate veterinarian at Sydney Exotics and Rabbit Vets and she consults as a primary accession and referral exotic animal medicine veterinarian at Veterinary Specialist & Emergency Centre North Shore in Sydney, Australia. Dr. Sheen graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 2004, and gained her postgraduate qualification in zoological and exotic medicine in 2008…

Katie Lennox-Phillibeck

Katie Lennox-Phillibeck is a freelance video editor, videographer, and photographer…

Angela M. Lennox, DVM, DABVP (Avian Practice), DABVP (Exotic Companion Mammal Practice), DECZM (Small Mammal Medicine)

Angela Lennox is a graduate of Purdue University School of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Lennox has practiced exclusively exotic animal medicine since 1991 and she is the owner of the Avian and Exotic Animal Clinic of Indianapolis…

Deborah Monks, BVSc (Hons) CertZooMed, FACVSc (Avian Health) DECZM

Deborah Monks is the owner of Brisbane Bird and Exotics Service in Queensland, Australia. After graduating from the University of Queensland…

Article 

Tusk Trims in Miniature Pigs

Both males and female pigs possess modified upper and lower canine teeth or tusks, however, the tusks of the male retain an open root that allows these teeth to grow throughout life. Tusks can become long and extremely sharp and trims may be necessary to prevent injury to humans, other animals, household furniture, flooring, or even the pig itself. This brief article discusses relevant anatomy, equipment needed, potential complications, sedation, and step-by-step advice for successfully completing this clinical technique.

Article 

Hoof Trims in Miniature Pigs

Hooves that are not maintained can overgrow and curl, resulting in pain, difficulty walking, and damage to the soft tissue structures of the foot. The medial and lateral digits, that do not contact the ground much, will grow long and require trimming in all pet pigs. Therefore most pigs require hoof trims every 6-12 months. This brief article discusses relevant anatomy, equipment needed, potential complications, sedation, and step-by-step advice for successfully completing this clinical technique.

Article  Case Study 

2020 AEMV Student Case Report Contest

Lafeber Company was proud to sponsor the 2020 Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians Student Case Report Contest. Veterinary students from all over the world were encouraged to write a 2-page case report about an exotic companion mammal seen at their college of veterinary medicine or during a clinical experience. Submissions closed in March and judges from the Research Committee evaluated the 15 case reports received from eight countries. Judges were blinded to the students, mentors, co-authors, and institutions at which the cases were seen. Read the brief summaries of each winning case report.

Quiz 

Reptile Wildlife Euthanasia Techniques Quiz

Post test for the Reptile Wildlife Euthanasia Techniques webinar

Article 

A Necropsy Guide to Serpentes

The postmortem exam is a key diagnostic tool in understanding the reasons for a snake’s morbidity and mortality. Necropsies can provide valuable information to provide a risk assessment for other animals in a population or collection and can help provide closure for a grieving owner. This manuscript reviews the snake necropsy in a systemic, thorough manner, describing normal anatomy and proper collection technique from head to tail.

Article 

COVID Content Catch-Up

According to LitCovid, an open-resource literature hub developed with the support of the US National Institute of Health, over 14,000 relevant articles have been posted to PubMed on the 2019 novel coronavirus. Thousands more articles are available as pre-prints. Obviously this explosion of information can be intimidating for the busy veterinarian, but you can use the national and international resources (listed in Table) to stay current on the latest information. Then turn to this review article and our supplemental LafeberVet Literature Search as well as LafeberVet’s Coronavirus in Animals and Determinants of Viral Infectionto dive a bit deeper into our evolving knowledge of SARS-CoV-2.

Article  Case Study  Webinar 

Reptile Wildlife Euthanasia Techniques

“The question is not, can they reason? Nor, can they talk? But, can they suffer?” –Jeremy Bentham, philosopher, 1780

Dr. Renée Schott presented a live, interactive webinar on reptile wildlife euthanasia techniques. View the webinar recording today. Wildlife often present to veterinarians and wildlife rehabilitators with conditions that warrant euthanasia. It can be difficult, however, to apply mammalian methods of euthanasia to species with unique physiology such as reptiles. This interactive presentation will use cases to discuss practical euthanasia methods for reptiles and the physiology behind these methods. Emphasis will be placed on freshwater turtles as these represent some physiological extremes.

Quiz 

Flight Mechanics & Ethical Concerns Quiz

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Distance-Learning Event: Dr. Teresa Morishita speaks to the University of Florida WZAAM Club

The Lafeber Company Student Program supports the growth of zoological medicine in veterinary medical schools by sponsoring speakers and other educational events.

Form-Questionnaire 

Snake Necropsy Data Collection Form and Checklist

Download the PDF of this Snake Necropsy Data Collection Form and Checklist.

Brian Stacy, DVM, PhD, DACVP

Brian Stacy earned his DVM from the University of Georgia at Athens before completing an Anatomic Pathology Residency at the University of California at Davis and the Zoological Society of San Diego…

Richard S. Funk, MA, DVM

Dr. Richard Funk completed a master’s degree in zoology with a thesis in herpetology. He then earned his DVM at the Ohio State University. Dr. Funk has been very active in the Association of Reptile and Amphibian Veterinarians, having served as the 2003-2004 President and co-chairman of the Legislation and Welfare Committee. He has also served on the ARAV publications editorial board and he has organized and led a number of wet labs at ARAV annual conferences. Dr. Funk has a number of publications in veterinary medicine, mostly on reptiles, including chapters in all three volumes of the Mader Reptile Medicine and Surgery texts.

Louisa Asseo DVM DABVP (Canine/Feline Practice)

Louisa Asseo graduated from the University of California at Davis School of Veterinary Medicine in 2002. She has worked in private practices in the Bay and Sacramento areas of California since graduation, focusing on both general practice and emergency medicine. In addition to cats and dogs, her practice focuses on medicine and surgery for reptiles, exotic companion mammals, poultry, and miniature pigs. In 2016, she founded Oasis Veterinary Hospital in the east San Francisco Bay area of California…

Chris Hanley, DVM, DACZM

Dr. Chris Hanley became a Diplomate of the American College of Zoological Medicine in 2006. After seven years at the Toledo Zoo, three as an associate and four years as the Director of Animal Health and Nutrition, he moved to the Saint Louis Zoo as a staff veterinarian. In 2019, he became the Assistant Director of Animal Health.

Shannon Martinson, DVM, MVSc, DACVP

Dr. Shannon Martinson is an Assistant Professor in Anatomic Pathology in the Department of Pathology and Microbiology at the Atlantic Veterinary College of the University of Prince Edward Island. Dr. Martinson is a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Pathology and the author of several publications…

Article  Video  Webinar 

Flight Mechanics & Ethical Concerns

Dr. Todd E. Driggers presented this live webinar event on Flight Mechanics, Parrot Welfare, and Ethical Concerns. View the video recording, then take the brief post-test to earn 1 hour of continuing education credit. Feather trimming birds in captivity has been a common practice performed for many reasons, including fear of loss, safety, and the ability to control and tame. If the gold standard for animal welfare is freedom and feather destructive behavior is a reliable indicator of scientifically studied animal welfare, feather trimming impacts how the animal feels, functions, and prohibits natural responses to positive or aversive stimuli. Perhaps it is time to reflect on the benefits and risks of feather trims through the lens of animal welfare. At a minimum, the degrees of severity of the current techniques need redressing when we consider the experience of the bird.

Article 

Snake Anatomy Basics

Introduction
Snakes are members of the class Reptilia, order Squamata, and suborder Serpentes. There are over 3,500 species of snakes in the world, however, for the most part, the anatomy of the snake is consistent across species.

Snakes have a long narrow body adapted for crawling and their internal anatomy has evolved to fit into a long […]

Article 

LafeberVet Lit Search: SARS-CoV-2

Introduction

Over 14,000 articles have been posted to PubMed on the 2019 novel coronavirus, known as SARS-CoV-2. Thousands more articles are available as pre-prints. Obviously this explosion of information can be intimidating for the busy veterinarian, but you can use the resources listed in Table 1 to stay current on the latest information. Then turn to […]

Article 

Coronavirus in Animals: Implications for Veterinary Staff

Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses named for the crown-like spike proteins on their surface. Coronaviruses cause disease in humans and animals, often circulating among camels, cats, and bats. Ferrets are susceptible to infection by the SARS coronavirus (SARS-COv-1), but pathogenicity and host susceptibility can differ based on the viral infective dose and laboratory SARS coronavirus strain. Studies are ongoing to investigate the respiratory pathology and transmission of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) in experimental ferrets.

Article 

Determinants of Viral Infection: An Addendum to Coronaviruses in Animals

What determines the viral host range?

One of the critical determinants of viral host range is the interaction between the coronavirus spike (S) protein (Fig 1) and the host cell receptor. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a receptor for the attachment and uptake of the coronavirus that caused Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV-1), is widely expressed […]

Giacomo Rossi, DVM, PhD, MS, DECZM (WHP), EBVS

Dr. Giacomo Rossi is a Full Professor of General Pathology, Physiopathology, and Immunopathology at the University of Camerino (Italy). He serves as the Director of the Animal Pathology Laboratory. Giacomo is the author and editor of several books related to avian and exotic animal medicine and he has published over 300 scientific and veterinary papers. He is also a known national and international speaker on topics related to the pathology and medicine of pet birds, zoo animals and wildlife.

Thomas M. Donnelly, DVM, MS, DACLAM, DABVP (Exotic Companion Mammal Practice), DECZM

Dr. Tom Donnelly currently works at the French National Veterinary School in Paris where he is a Research Professor and co-service head of the exotic animal service. Tom is the author of over 100 scientific and clinical publications, including chapters in “Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine Surgery” and co-editor of “Veterinary Clinical Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets.”

Article 

In Memoriam: Dr. Pete Sakas

All of us at Lafeber Company were greatly saddened to learn of the passing of Dr. Peter Sakas. Dr. Pete Sakas joined Niles Animal Hospital in 1980 while still a veterinary medical student, working under Dr. T.J. Lafeber during his college breaks. Dr. Lafeber was so impressed with Dr. Sakas that he was hired immediately after he graduated in 1983. When Dr. Lafeber left clinical practice to build Lafeber Company in 1985, he sold his practice, Niles Animal Hospital, to Dr. Sakas.

Todd Driggers, DVM

Todd Driggers is a 1994 graduate of Purdue University School of Veterinary Medicine. After graduation, he interned at the Avian and Exotic Animal Clinic in Indianapolis and he eventually moved to Arizona, starting the exotic practice at Mesa Veterinary Hospital. In 1996, he started Arizona’s first exclusive exotic animal practice, serving clients and small zoos. Currently, he has both a mobile practice and a stationary three-doctor practice, The Avian and Exotic Animal Clinic of Arizona…

Quiz 

Avian Anesthesia post test

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Article  Video  Webinar 

Avian Anesthesia Webinar

Dr. Lorenzo Crosta will present this live, interactive, webinar on the clinical perspectives of avian anesthesia. After briefly reviewing clinically relevant avian anatomy and physiology, Dr. Crosta will touch upon injectable anesthesia, then discuss in detail preanesthesia and inhalation anesthesia in clinical practice. The discussion will then move onto monitoring the avian patient, from vital parameters to capnography, doppler, electrocardiography, and pulse oximetry. Dr. Crosta will also discuss analgesia, intra-operative fluid therapy, as well as specific concerns related to avian anesthesia, such as positioning the patient, hypocalcemia, air sac cannulation, as well as management of diving birds. This seminar will conclude with practical tips for safe and uneventful patient recovery.

Lorenzo Crosta med vet, PhD, GP Cert (Exotic Animal), DECZM, EBVS

Lorenzo Crosta med vet, PhD, GP Cert (Exotic Animal), Diplomate ECZM, EBVS® European Veterinary Specialist in Zoo Health Management is an Associate Professor of Avian and Zoological Medicine at the University of Sydney School of Veterinary Science, Australia. He serves as the Director of the Avian, Reptile, and Exotic Pet Hospital, and in 2019 he was named the TJ Lafeber Avian Practitioner of the Year. Dr. Crosta earned his Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine…

Ready for the Holidays?

Unfortunately, emergency medicine and critical care don’t stop for the holiday season, so we are just sending a little reminder to make sure that your cupboard contains enough EmerAid for any crisis over the holidays.

Quiz 

Critical Care Techniques for Avian Wildlife Emergencies Post Test

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Article  Video  Webinar 

Critical Care Techniques for Avian Wildlife Emergencies

Dr. Heather Barron presented this webinar on avian critical care. View a recording of the live, interactive event, then take the brief post-test to earn 1 hour of continuing education credit. The goal of wildlife medicine is always eventual release and therefore triage of avian wildlife may vary based on case load, regulations, and the presenting situation. Dr. Barron examines the guidelines used to set triage policy and the reasons a bird may not be releasable or have a good quality of life in captivity. She then discusses practical measures intended to alleviate suffering and improve the odds of patient survival, such as fluid support, analgesia, evaluation of blood volume, and transfusion. This presentation concludes with a brief discussion on assessing life and euthanasia.

Quiz 

Clinical Avian Nutrition for Veterinary Health Professionals Post-Test

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Pour les vétérinaires. Par les vétérinaires.

Le site Lafervet.com est conçu pour une utilisation par les vétérinaires. Il est ouvert aux vétérinaires diplômés, aux techniciens vétérinaires diplômés, aux […]

Quiz 

Post Test: Avian Nutrition Basics

View the on-demand recording of this non-interactive webinar, then take the brief quiz. With a passing grade of 70% or higher, you will receive a continuing education certificate for 1 hour of continuing education credit in jurisdictions that recognize American Association of Veterinary State Boards Registry of Approved Continuing Education approval.

Article  Video  Webinar 

Clinical Avian Nutrition for Veterinary Health Professionals

Dr. Susan Orosz presented this live, interactive webinar event on the clinical perspectives of avian nutrition. How can veterinary health professionals best address the nutritional needs of the companion bird in the exam room?

Article  Slideshow  Video  Webinar 

Avian Nutrition Basics

This 1-hour, R.A.C.E.-approved webinar recording is designed to impart a basic understanding of avian nutrition for the veterinary health professional as well as students in these fields. Viewing of this recorded is strongly recommended before viewing the recording of the live webinar event Clinical Avian Nutrition for Veterinary Health Professionals by Susan Orosz, PhD, DVM, DABVP (Avian Practice), DECZM.

Article 

2019 Avian Practitioner of the Year

When nominations closed for the 2019 T.J. Lafeber Avian Practitioner of the Year, a list of 24 outstanding avian veterinarians had been submitted for consideration. The independent Selection Committee narrowed the list to five finalists and the Award recipient, Dr. Lorenzo Crosta, was announced during the Opening Session at ExoticsCon 2019.

Jessica Elbert, DVM

Dr. Jessica Elbert received her Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine from Iowa State University in 2018. She is currently an Anatomic Pathology Resident and PhD student at the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine with special interest in zoo and exotic animal species and paramyxoviruses.

Jessica Comolli , DVM

Dr. Jessica Comolli received her Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine from the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine. She completed a zoological medicine internship at Iowa State University and is currently a zoological medicine resident at the University of Georgia…

Article  Video 

A Guide to Avian Necropsy

The postmortem examination is a valuable part of the diagnostic work-up. Shared by a veterinary pathologist with a special interest in birds, this guide to avian necropsy provides comprehensive instructions for the avian postmortem exam. This article offers step-by-step guidance on avian necropsy with a variety of photographs and video clips that illustrate useful clinical techniques and normal avian anatomy. Feel confident in your knowledge of avian anatomy? You can also “Test Yourself” by identifying the structures shown in four separate images.

Nobuko Wakamatsu-Utsuki, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV

Nobuko Wakamatsu-Utsuki is an Associate Professor in the Department of Pathobiological Sciences and the Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory at Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Wakamatsu-Utsuki has a special interest in avian pathology and poultry medicine. Her research interests focus on avian diseases, particularly the pathogenesis of infectious diseases and she has published extensively on these topics…

Article 

Radial Vein Blood Collection in the Miniature Pig

Blood collection in miniature pigs can be a challenge. Peripheral veins are not readily accessible and some vessels, such as the auricular vein, are inadequate for obtaining sufficient volumes. The radial vein is located along the medial aspect of the forelimb. This vessel is relatively straight and generally superficial.

Valarie Tynes, DVM, DACVB, DACAW

Valarie Tynes owns Premier Veterinary Behavior Consulting in Sweetwater, Texas. Dr. Tynes is a native of Fort Worth, Texas and she earned her Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine in 1987 from Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine. After several years in private practice, Valarie completed a residency in clinical animal behavior at the University of California at Davis in 2003. Her special interests include miniature pigs and other exotic pets as well as animal behavior. Dr. Tynes is a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Behaviorists and a frequent speaker at professional meetings around the world.

Article  Information sheet 

Basic Information Sheet: Miniature Pig

The term “miniature pig” is used to describe a variety of smaller pig breeds as well as crossbreeds. There are at least 14 recognized breeds of miniature pigs, including the Vietnamese potbellied pig, the Juliana pig, the KuneKune, and others. This information sheet reviews natural history and taxonomy, as well as a number of clinically relevant information including (but not limited to) diet, housing, behavior, normal physiologic data and anatomy, restraint, preventive medicine, zoonoses, and important medical conditions seen in the mini pig. Login to view references.