Chloe McMenamin RVN, BSc VN, CH

Chloe McMenamin is a lecturer of Applied Animal Health in the veterinary nursing department of Unitec Institute of Technology, which is part of Te Pūkenga Aotearoa New Zealand. Chloe earned a Bachelor of Science in veterinary nursing from University College Dublin, then came to Aotearoa New Zealand to work as an exotic and wildlife veterinary nurse.

Rabbit GI Physiology by Rae Porter-Blackwell, DVM for the Michigan State University Exotics Club

The Lafeber Company Student Program supports the growth of zoological medicine in veterinary medical schools by sponsoring speakers and other educational events.

Article 

2022 T.J. Lafeber Avian Practitioner of the Year

Twenty-four exceptional avian veterinarians from all around the world were nominated for the 2022 T.J. Lafeber Avian Practitioner of the Year. The independent Selection Committee narrowed this list to three finalists and the 2022 T.J. Lafeber Avian Practitioner of the Year, Dr. Sharman Hoppes, was announced during the Plenary Session at the 2022 ExoticsCon.

Quiz 

Reptile Venipuncture Teaching Module Quiz

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Article  Teaching Module 

Bird Basics Teaching Module

What are the basics of avian medicine that a novice veterinary health professional should know before laying hands on the companion parrot patient? Upon completion of this learning aid, the participant will have a basic clinical understanding of avian anatomy, psittacine handling and restraint, history and physical examination, zoonotic concerns, nutrition, basic diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, as well as a few select presenting problems.

Article 

Parrot Anatomy Basics

Parrots are primarily arboreal, diurnal birds found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Parrots belong to Order Psittaciformes and are divided into three families. There are over 350 species of psittacine birds or parrots. If you are comfortable with the basic principles of avian anatomy and physiology, then you are well on your way to understanding psittacine birds. LafeberVet has listed 16 interesting facts about parrot anatomy and physiology that may serve you well during physical examination, clinical care, and/or necropsy. This post also brief describes the Quaker or monk parrot as well as unique features of the kākāpō.

Article  Product information 

Lafeber’s New Health & Nutrition Kits

The majority of bird owners need guidance when it comes to avian nutrition, and it can be time consuming!

Our new Health and Nutrition Kits help your team save time by providing clients with instructions and tips on how to convert from a seed mix diet to nutritionally balanced diets along with 5 trial size portions of […]

Article  Webinar 

Avian Neonatology and Pediatrics

This live webinar was presented by Lorenzo Crosta, med Vet, PhD, DECZM, EBVS European Veterinary Specialist in Zoo Health Management. The objective of this presentation was to assist the exotic animal practitioner, with little or no experience in avian neonatology and pediatrics. This presentation discussed the logical diagnostic plan in the young bird. The approach to common pediatric conditions, ranging from developmental and orthopedic problems to common traumatic injuries and infectious diseases, was also explored. Practical clinical examples were presented.

Article  Teaching Module 

Avian Quick Links

LafeberVet’s list of avian medicine links will assist your navigation of some of the avian medicine resources on LafeberVet. Educate yourself before laying hands on the avian patient by reviewing the basics of avian anatomy and physiology as well as important principles of handling and restraint. Then explore content on the examination and history, behavior, housing and nutrition, as well as supportive care techniques, diagnostics, basic therapeutics, and common presenting problems. Start with content listed in the rows titled, “Begin with…”, then expand your knowledge with other sections, such as “Learn more…”.

Quiz 

Test Your Knowledge: Avian Neonatology & Pediatrics

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Article  Information sheet 

Basic Information Sheet: Pionus

The birds of genus Pionus are native to regions of Mexico, Central America, and/or South America. Pionus parrots are often described as “small Amazon parrots” because of their stocky builds and often short, square tails. This information sheet reviews natural history, taxonomy, and conservation status, as well as physical descriptions, husbandry needs, behavior, including the Pionus “snarfle or snuffle”, normal physiologic data and anatomy, restraint, and important medical conditions.

Quiz 

GI Stasis in Rabbits Quiz

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Quiz 

Test Your Knowledge: Avian Cardiology Essentials

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Natasha Omar

Natasha Omar was born in Nairobi, Kenya, where she lived for 10 years, before moving to Canada in 2012. Since childhood, Natasha has been exposed to all kinds of creatures, from elephants to our beloved domestic pets. Natasha has worked as a veterinary medical assistant in general practice for 4 years and she is now in the process of becoming a registered veterinary technician…

Marianne Wikdahl, RVT

Marianne Wikdahl graduated with a Bachelor of Science with honors in Veterinary Nursing and Practice Administration from the University of Bristol (UK) in 2011….In 2017, Marianne returned to her home country Norway, and is currently working at Sveberg Dyrehospital, a small animal clinic outside of Trondheim. Marianne has a special interest in exotic mammal medicine and has worked with a wide range of exotic species throughout her career so far. She is currently studying the Advanced Programme in Veterinary Nursing of Small Mammals (Girling & Fraser), which she aims to complete in 2022.

Client Education Handout 

Dental Health in Rabbits

This guide to keeping your rabbit’s teeth healthy was awarded first place in the 2022 inaugural Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians Veterinary Technicians Client Education Materials Contest, sponsored by Lafeber Company. This client education handout explores the basics of rabbit dental anatomy, before focusing on what owners can do to look after their rabbit’s teeth. Some common dental conditions are also discussed as well as the signs of dental disease in the rabbit.

Client Education Handout 

Chinchilla Nutrition

This client education handout explores the recommendations for a healthy chinchilla diet, including hay, hay-based pellets, produce and greens, and water. The type and amount of treats to offer is also discussed. This client educational material was awarded first place in the 2022 Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians (AEMV) Veterinary Technology Student Client Education Materials Contest, sponsored by Lafeber Company…

Marco Di Giuseppe, DVM, PhD, GPCert (ExAP)

Marco Di Giuseppe currently works as freelance veterinarian in many clinics in Palermo (Italy) offering referral services in rabbit medicine. In the meantime, he is completing a program at the Italian Post-graduate Veterinary School of the Universityof Naples (Italy) to receive the title of Italian Specialist in Laboratory Animals. In 2014, Dr. Di Giuseppe obtained the […]

Anneliese Strunk, DVM, DABVP (Avian Practice)

Anneliese Strunk is the Residency Director and a senior associate at The Center for Bird & Exotic Animal Medicine in Bothell, Washington. Dr. Strunk obtained her undergraduate degree in Biomedical Science from Texas A&M University in 1995, graduating Magna Cum Laude from TAMU College of Veterinary Medicine in 2000. Anneliese spent her first year out of school as an associate at the Research Boulevard Pet and Bird Hospital in Austin, Texas, seeing small animal and exotic cases. Dr. Strunk then completed an internship in exotic animal, wildlife and zoo medicine at the. University of Georgia in 2002, followed by a 3-year residency in companion avian and exotic pet medicine at the University of California at Davis. After completing her residency, Dr. Strunk moved across the country to…

Alyssa Scagnelli, DVM

Alyssa Scagnelli is an associate veterinarian at the Avian and Exotic Animal Clinic (AEAC) in Mesa, Arizona. Dr. Scagnelli earned her Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine from the University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine in 2015. After graduation, she completed two academic internships at Louisiana State University (LSU) School of Veterinary Medicine. Her last year at LSU was entirely devoted to companion, wildlife, zoo, and aquarium medicine and conservation. In addition to working at AEAC, Dr. Scagnelli is also adjunct faculty at Midwestern University School of Veterinary Medicine…

Byron de la Navarre, DVM

Byron de la Navarre is chief of staff at Animal House of Chicago, Complete Veterinary Care, which he opened in 2000. Byron attended Cornell University as an undergraduate, where he completed Honors Research in the captive husbandry and breeding of peregrine falcons at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Byron then attended the veterinary college at Cornell, earning his DVM degree in 1990. While in veterinary school, he externed at over 12 zoos in North & Central America, Europe, and Israel. After completing an internship, Dr. de la Navarre worked in private practice, including Niles Animal Hospital & Bird Medical Center in the Chicago area…

Article  Teaching Module 

Reptile Venipuncture Teaching Module

Hematology and biochemistry results serve as an important part of the minimum database for all veterinary patients. Use three videos on blood collection in lizards, snakes, and chelonians (or text with still images) plus one slideshow on general principles to better understand reptile venipuncture and to improve your ability to obtain a clinically useful sample. This teaching module is approved for 1 hour of continuing credit for veterinarians and veterinary technicians by the American Association of Veterinary State Boards Registry of Approved Continuing Education.

Charles Cummings, DVM CertAqV

Charles Cummings is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Tufts University Clinical and Translational Science Institute, where he focuses on the clinical and epidemiological aspects of zoonotic disease, particularly at the interface of humans and wildlife. From July 2019 to June 2020, Dr. Cummings served as a zoological medicine intern at Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine. Charles earned his Doctorate from Tufts University Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine in 2019…

Sue Chen, DVM, DABVP (Avian Practice)

Dr. Patricia (Sue) Chen is board certified in Avian Practice by the American Board of Veterinary Practitioners and is the department lead for the avian and exotics department at Gulf Coast Veterinary Specialists. Dr. Chen earned her DVM from Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine, where she created a specialized veterinary curriculum track focused on […]

Article 

2022 AEMV Veterinary Technology Contest

Lafeber Company was proud to sponsor the Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians (AEMV) Veterinary Technology Client Education Materials Contest. Credentialed veterinary technicians, veterinary technologists, veterinary nurses, as well as students in this field were encouraged to submit a two-page, English-language educational handout (1500 words or less) about a companion exotic mammal health and wellness topic.

Article  Video 

Blood Collection in Turtles and Tortoises

Successful venipuncture can be a challenge in turtles and tortoises, however hematology and biochemistry results serve as an important part of the minimum database in chelonians just as they do for all veterinary patients. Use this video, or text with still images, to review the equipment needed and sample handling recommendations as well as the potential complications and proper approach to the jugular vein, brachial vein, subcarapacial vessel, and dorsal coccygeal sinus in the chelonian.

Article 

2022 AEMV Veterinary Medical Student Case Report Contest

Lafeber Company was proud to sponsor the Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians (AEMV) Veterinary Medical Student Case Report Contest. Veterinary students from all over the world were encouraged to write a 2-page case report (1500 words or less) about an exotic companion mammal seen at their college of veterinary medicine or during a clinical experience. And the winners are…

Article  Video  Webinar 

Avian Cardiology Essentials

Cardiovascular disease commonly occurs in companion birds and poses a serious threat to the quality of life and longevity of many avian species. This live, interactive, RACE-approved webinar was presented by avian veterinarian, Brenna Fitzgerald. Topics discussed include key features of avian cardiovascular anatomy and physiology, risk factors, as well as specific clinical disease states, including atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure, and pericardial disease and effusion. This lecture also reviewed essential elements of a diagnostic workup, and current treatment approaches that can improve longevity and quality of life for these patients.

Article  Video 

Blood Collection in Lizards

Hematology and biochemistry results are an important part of the minimum database for all veterinary patients, including lizards. Proper venipuncture technique is critical for accurate interpretation of laboratory results. Blood samples are most frequently collected from the ventral coccygeal vein and jugular vein in lizards; however, the site selected can depend on a variety of factors including the preferences and experience of the phlebotomist, the volume of blood needed, patient size and temperament, and of course the species involved.

Article  Video 

Blood Collection in Snakes

Proper patient handling, blood collection technique and sample handling are all critical for accurate interpretation of hematology and biochemistry in all patients, including snakes. Use the video or text with still images to review equipment needed as well as the potential complications and proper approach to the ventral coccygeal vein and the heart, the two most common venipuncture sites in the snake.

Brenna Fitzgerald, DVM, DABVP (Avian Practice)

Dr. Brenna Fitzgerald is currently an associate veterinarian at Homestead Animal Hospital in Centennial, Colorado as well as the owner of Avian Exclusive Veterinary Consultation. Dr. Fitzgerald is a 2007 graduate of Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine. She then worked as an associate veterinarian in a private, multi-doctor practice in Dallas, Texas, where she practiced small animal, avian, and exotic animal medicine. Dr. Fitzgerald then completed both a clinical internship and residency at the Medical Center for Birds in Oakley, California. She earned Diplomate status through the American Board of Veterinary Practitioners in avian practice in 2012…

Quiz 

Test Your Knowledge: Mediterranean Tortoises

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Quiz 

Test Your Knowledge: To Cut or Not to Cut?

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Quiz 

Test Your Knowledge: Rabbit Nutrition

Test Your Knowledge: View the RACE-approved webinar recording on “Rabbit Nutrition and Critical Care Feeding” by Kara Burns, MS, MEd, LVT, VTS (Nutrition), then take the brief post-test to earn 1 hour of continuing education credit.

John Chitty BVetMed CertZooMed MRCVS

Dr. John Chitty is a Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) Advanced Practitioner in Zoological Medicine. He qualified from the Royal Veterinary College in 1990 and gained a RCVS Certificate in Zoological Medicine in 2000. Dr. Chitty is co-director of a small animal/exotics practice in Andover, Hampshire UK with a 100% avian/exotics/small mammal caseload, both referral and first opinion. He is consultant to seven zoological collections, a commercial laboratory, and the Great Bustard Reintroduction project. Dr. Chitty has co-edited three texts on avian medicine, one on rabbit surgery, and he is co-author of a textbook on tortoise medicine…

Article  Video  Webinar 

Keeping and Treating Mediterranean Tortoises

John Chitty BVetMed CertZooMed MRCVS presented a live, interactive webinar on the unique features of this group of terrestrial Chelonia and how these adaptations to a unique biome affect husbandry and disease investigation. This presentation provides an overview on identification and sexing, captive husbandry, hibernation needs and management, reproduction and follicular stasis, clinical investigations, hospitalization needs, and disease prevention.

Quiz 

Test Your Knowledge: Avian Radiology

Test Your Knowledge: View the RACE-approved webinar recording on “Avian Radiology: Basic Principles, Reference Values & Clinical Cases” by Minh Huynh, DVM, MRCVS, DECZM (Avian), DACZM, then take the brief post-test to earn 1 hour of continuing education credit.

Quiz 

Ultrasound in Birds: From Finch to Goose Quiz

Ultrasound in Birds: From Finch to Goose Quiz

Kevin R. Kazacos, DVM, PhD, DACVM

Kevin Kazacos is Professor Emeritus of Veterinary Parasitology and former Director of Clinical Parasitology at the Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Kazacos earned a BS in biology in 1971 from the State University of New York at Albany, a PhD in parasitology in 1974 from the University of Notre Dame, and a DVM in 1979 from Purdue University. He served on the faculty of Purdue University from 1979 to 2014, where he enjoyed teaching veterinary and graduate students…

Article  Video  Webinar 

Decision Making in Rabbit Gastrointestinal Syndrome

View this RACE-approved webinar recording presented by Joanne Sheen BVM&S CertZooMed DABVP (Exotic Companion Mammal Practice): “To Cut or Not to Cut… Decision Making in Rabbit Gastrointestinal Syndrome”. This seminar reviews rabbit gastrointestinal anatomy and physiology as well as the baseline diagnostic workup in RGIS. Treatment is dependent on the underlying etiology. Fluid therapy and analgesia are considered cornerstones in the management of gastrointestinal disease in rabbits, but other specific treatments such as active warming, intestinal promotility agents, antimicrobials, and nutritional support may also be warranted. Surgery may be indicated for some conditions, such as intestinal obstruction, liver lobe torsion, and appendicitis…

Article  Video  Webinar 

Rabbit Nutrition and Critical Care Feeding

Kara M. Burns, MS, MEd, LVT,VTS (Nutrition) presented this distance-learning event for the veterinary medical students at the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine as part of the Lafeber Company Student Program. View the RACE-approved webinar recording, then take the brief post-test to earn 1 hour of continuing education credit.

Quiz 

Zoonoses Associated with Exotic Pets Quiz

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Client Education Handout 

The Raccoon Roundworm

The raccoon roundworm, Baylisascaris procyonis is widespread in raccoons in North America, however this parasite has also been introduced to Europe and Asia. Use this client education handout to increase awareness of this zoonotic pathogen in caretakers of young children, home owners living in areas where raccoons might be present, as well as workers exposed to raccoons or their feces during the course of their day. This handout provides simple tips that can be used to curb infection caused by the raccoon roundworm, emphasizing avoidance and prevention of exposure to infective eggs.

Article  Video  Webinar 

Avian Radiology: Basic Principles, Reference Values & Clinical Cases

Save the Date for a continuing education webinar presented by Minh Huynh, DVM, MRCVS, DECZM (Avian), DAZCM. Avian radiography is an invaluable tool to assess internal disorders and to screen for subclinical disease in birds. Coelomic organs can be examined for cardiorespiratory, digestive, or urogenital disease. Radiographs also extremely useful to diagnose appendicular skeleton lesions, especially in case of trauma. Proper positioning is crucial for accurate interpretation and general anesthesia or sedation is usually recommended for optimal image acquisition. Standard and non-standard views as well as indications and limitations of radiography will be discussed. This presentation will also explore a standardized, step-by-step evaluation of conventional radiographs. A review of the current literature will be used to enhance this discussion of clinical cases.

Article 

Zoonotic concern: Baylisascaris procyonis

This zoonotic concern article reviews Baylisascaris procyonis or the raccoon roundworm. Baylisascaris procyonis exhibits a typical ascarid life cycle with adult female worms in the raccoon intestine depositing eggs that are shed in the raccoon feces. Humans can serve as paratenic or accidental hosts of B. procyonis, however more than 150 species of free-ranging and captive wildlife, zoo animals, and domestic animals have also been afflicted. When infective eggs are ingested by paratenic hosts, Baylisascaris larvae can migrate through the brain, eye, and other organs, causing serious health issues. Who is most at risk? What strategies can be implemented to prevent exposure to infective roundworm eggs?

Carla Christman, DVM

Carla Christman is the owner of Healthy Pet Veterinary Clinic in Madison, Wisconsin. Dr. Christman is a 1996 graduate of the University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine. While she began her veterinary career at a large animal hospital, Dr. Christman opened her small animal practice in 2001. Dr. Christman is a member of the American Veterinary Medical Association, the Wisconsin Veterinary Medical Association, Dane County Veterinary Medical Association, the American Ferret Association, and the Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians (AEMV). Dr. Christman currently serves as the Chairperson of the AEMV Student Committee…

Article 

AEMV Veterinary Medical Student Case Report Contest

Lafeber Company is proud to sponsor the 5th Annual Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians Student Case Report Contest. Veterinary medical students everywhere are eligible to submit a 2-page, English-language case report about an exotic companion mammal case seen at your college of veterinary medicine OR during an experience in a clinical setting. Submissions must be received by Friday, April 1, 2022.

Medical, Nursing & Cosmetic Procedures Part 2 Post-Test

Medical, Nursing & Cosmetic Procedures Part 2 Post-Test

Quiz 

Medical, Nursing & Cosmetic Procedures of Birds of Prey Part 1 Post-Test

Medical, Nursing & Cosmetic Procedures of Birds of Prey Part 1 Post-Test

Article 

AEMV Veterinary Technology Client Education Materials Contest

Lafeber Company is proud to sponsor the 2nd annual Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians Veterinary Technician and Technician Student Client Education Materials Contest. Veterinary technicians and veterinary technology students are invited to submit a 2-page, English-language client education handout about an exotic companion mammal health and wellness topic.