Catheter Placement in the Avian Patient

Key Points

  • Intravenous catheters may be placed in the right jugular, medial metatarsal, or basilic veins. IV catheters may not be stable for long, but that time is often long enough to significantly improve the patient’s status.
  • Intraosseous catheters may be placed in the distal ulna or proximal tibiotarsus, although the ulna is much preferable. Pneumatic bones like the humerus or femur MUST never be used. Once placed, most IO catheters may be maintained for days.

General anesthesia is generally required for placement unless the patient is extremely weak. A spinal needle or hypodermic needle may be selected . . .

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Gelens H. Intraosseous fluid therapy. Western Veterinary Conference; 2003.

Harris DJ. Therapeutic avian techniques. Atlantic Coast Veterinary Conference; 2001.

Rupiper D. Simple applications and practical equipment you can make. Annu Conf Assoc Avian Veterinarians; 2007.