The amphibian examination beings with careful visual observation. Use of a small, transparent container can enhance the amphibian visual examination and minimize handling time (Clayton 2009). In an effort to further minimize handling, be prepared to perform both the exam and diagnostics at the same time (Mylniczenko 2009).
During examination of the skin, be sure to include evaluation of the foot pads and rostrum. To assess the patient’s neurologic status, evaluate movement during observed locomotion, the palpebral blink reflex (excluding caecilians), and the righting reflex. Visit Assessing the Sick Frog or Toad for tips on manual restraint, equipment needed as well as details of physical examination