Heidi Hoefer, DVM, DABVP (Avian Practice)

Dr. Heidi Hoefer is a 1987 graduate of Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine. She completed an internship in small animal medicine and surgery at the Animal Medical Center (AMC) in New York in 1987…

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Cardiac Disease in Ferrets

Cardiac disease is common in middle-aged and older domestic ferrets. Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common heart disorder in older ferrets, however hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and valve conditions also occur in the ferret. Clinical signs range from asymptomatic disease to fulminate heart failure with problems such as anorexia, weakness, and dyspnea.