Evaluation of Bird Droppings

Normal bird droppings consist of three components: feces, urine, and urates. Urine and urates are the products of the avian kidney. The medullary or mammalian nephron of the bird kidney produces urine. The more numerous cortical or reptilian nephron produces a soluble form of uric acid or . . .

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Ritchie BW, Harrison GJ and Harrison LR. Avian Medicine: Principles and Application. Lake Worth, Fl, Wingers, 1994.

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To cite this page:

Pollock C. Evaluation of bird droppings. April 4, 2011. LafeberVet Web site. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/evaluation-of-droppings/