Pediatric Avian Medicine: Infectious Diseases of the Psittacine Chick

Key Points

  • Gram-negative bacteria and non-budding yeast may be normal findings in the gastrointestinal tract, but these organisms can quickly overgrow and cause disease in the stressed juvenile bird.
  • Avian polyomavirus is the most devastating disease that can affect the psittacine nursery. Depending on age and species, the clinical picture may include peracute death, coelomic distention, subcutaneous hemorrhage, abnormal feather formation, non-specific signs of illness, delayed crop emptying, regurgitation, diarrhea, dyspnea, posterior paresis or paralysis, and polyuria.
  • Psittacine beak and feather disease may also affect a variety of species. Clinical signs may include non-specific signs of illness and dystrophic feather formation. Immunosuppression can lead to septicemia and secondary pneumonia, enteritis, and death.
  • Two important infectious causes of regurgitation and crop stasis in the chick are candidiasis, and avian polyoma virus. Candida spp. is an important cause of disease that is easily managed if recognized early, while there is no real specific treatment for polyoma virus, which is often fatal.

Avian polyoma virus is the most devastating disease that can affect the psittacine nursery. Depending on age and species, the clinical picture may include peracute death, coelomic distention, subcutaneous hemorrhage, abnormal feather formation, non-specific signs of illness, delayed crop emptying, regurgitation, diarrhea, dyspnea, posterior paresis or paralysis, and polyuria . . .


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References

Clubb SL. Psittacine pediatric husbandry and medicine. In: Altman RB, Clubb SL, Dorrestein GM, Quesenberry K (eds). Avian Medicine and Surgery. WB Saunders; Philadelphia, PA. 1997. Pp. 73-95.

Clubb SL, Schubot R, Wolf S. Hematologic and serum biochemical reference intervals for juvenile macaws, cockatoos, and Eclectus parrots. In: Schubot RM, Clubb KJ, Clubb SL (eds). Psittacine Aviculture: Perspectives, Techniques, and Research. ABRC; Loxahatchee, Fl. 1992. Pp. 18.1-18.20.

Flammer K, Clubb SL. Neonatology. In: Ritchie BW, Harrison GJ, Harrison LR , (eds). Avian Medicine: Principles and Application. Wingers Publishing; Lake Worth, FL. 1994. Pp. 748-804.

Gregory CR, Latimer KS, Campagnoli RP, Ritchie BW. Histological evaluation of the crop for diagnosis of proventricular dilation syndrome in psittacine birds. J Vet Diag Invest 8:76-80, 1996.

To cite this page:

Rivera S. Pediatric avian medicine: Infectious diseases of the psittacine chick. May 6, 2008. LafeberVet Web site. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/infectious-diseases-of-the-psittacine-chick/