Pediatric Avian Medicine: Traumatic Conditions in the Psittacine Chick

Key Points

  • Careful, experienced hand feeding technique reduces the risk of many potential problems including crop burn, crop atony, aspiration pneumonia, and some beak malformations.
  • Crop burns are induced by feeding hot formula exceeding 110°F.
  • Overfeeding can lead to overstretching of the crop and subsequent crop stasis, malnutrition, stunting, and secondary bacterial and fungal infections.
  • Gastrointestinal foreign bodies and aspiration pneumonia are important diseases of birds of weaning age.

Feeding excessively hot formula (>110°F) causes crop burns. This problem is particularly common when formula is heated in a microwave without thorough mixing. Early signs of crop burn include . . .

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