Transfusion Medicine in Birds

Key Points

  • Parameters for transfusions and causes of anemias in birds are similar to other species. Transfusions should be given when the PCV is below 20%, especially with chronic anemia.
  • Blood type information is unknown in most species and therefore cross matching should be performed before giving a transfusion.
  • The ideal donor should be of the same species or as closely related as possible as this affects the survival time of the transfused cells.
  • Standard transfusion media can be used in birds.

Because of a lack of identified blood groups in companion bird species, compatibility for transfusion is based on the use of major and minor cross matches. A major cross match is performed by mixing donor red cells with recipient plasma and a minor cross match uses recipient cells and donor plasma. The appearance of agglutination or cell lysis indicates incompatibility.

Unlike mammals, a single transfusion between different bird species can be safe and efficacious. Transfusions will be most effective if the donor is . . .


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References

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Finnegan VM, Daniel GB, Ramsay EC. Evaluation of whole blood transfusions in domestic pigeons (Columba livia). J Avian Med Surg 11:7-14, 1997.

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Quesenberry KE, Hillyer EV. Supportive care and emergency therapy. In: Ritchie BW, Harrison GJ, Harrison LR (eds). Avian Medicine: Principals and Applications. Lake Worth, FL: Wingers Publishing; 1994:382-398.

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Schindler SL, Gildersleeve RP, Thaxton JP, McRee DI. Hematological response of hemorrhaged Japanese quail after blood volume replacement with saline. Comp Biochem Physiol 87A:933—945, 1987.

Sturkie PD, Griminger P. Body fluids: blood. In: Sturkie PD (ed). Avian Physiology. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1986:102-114.

To cite this page:

Morrisey JK. Transfusion medicine in birds. May 27, 2007. LafeberVet Web site. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/transfusion/