Ultrasound in Birds

Introduction

Dr. Petra Schnitzer presented this distance-learning event for the veterinary medical students at the University of Georgia at Athens College of Veterinary Medicine as part of the Lafeber Company Student Program. This program has been approved by the American Association of Veterinary State Boards Registry of Continuing Education for 1 hour of continuing education credit. 

 

Abstract

The avian diagnostic work up has historically been based on physical examination, hematology, blood chemistry, and radiography. Together with endoscopy this approach can provide important information. Ultrasonography has become an increasingly important diagnostic tool in avian medicine. This 1-hour presentation first explores the advantages and disadvantages of ultrasonography over endoscopy and computed tomography scans. We then review the specifics involved in preparation, planning, and performance of ultrasonography in birds. The majority of the presentation reviews indications for ultrasonographic exam. Evaluation of the stomach and intestines is a standard part of a complete ultrasonographic exam. Additional indications for ultrasound in birds include suspect reproductive tract disorders, suspect hepatopathies, suspect cardiopathies or hydropericardium, evaluation of the eye, planning surgeries of tumors, cysts, or other masses, ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirates, as well as follow-up of treatment outcomes. Case examples are used to illustrate both normal and abnormal findings in a variety of taxonomic groups, from psittacine birds and chickens to birds of prey, songbirds, and waterfowl.

 

Lecture outline

Download a PDF or Word version of a more detailed outline.

ultrasound chicken ovary
  • Introduction
    • The avian diagnostic work up has historically been based on physical examination, hematology, blood chemistry, and radiography. Together with endoscopy this approach can provide important information.
    • Ultrasonography has become an increasingly important diagnostic tool in avian medicine.
  • Advantages of ultrasonography (U/S) over celioscopy or computed tomography (CT scan) in the avian patient
  • Disadvantages or challenges of U/S
  • Patient preparation
    • Fasting may be indicated in some species
    • Pros and cons of anesthesia
  • Indications for ultrasonographic exam
    • Suspect reproductive tract disorders
    • Suspect hepatopathies
    • Suspect cardiopathies, hydropericardium
    • Gastrointestinal examination
    • Ocular exam

 

Webinar recording

 

Post-test

Complete the brief quiz. With a passing grade of 70% or higher, you can download your continuing education (CE) certificate for 1 hour of CE credit in jurisdictions that recognize American Association of Veterinary State Boards (AAVSB) Registry of Approved Continuing Education (RACE) approval.

Test your knowledge

Please Note:  Please contact us at vetinfo@lafeber.com if there are any problems with the fields of your CE certificate.

 

RACE approval

This program is approved by the American Association of Veterinary State Boards (AAVSB) Registry of Continuing Education (RACE) to offer a total of 1.00 CE credits to any one veterinarian and/or 1.00 veterinary technician CE credit.

To cite this page:

Schnitzer P. Ultrasound in birds. Dec 7, 2021. LafeberVet web site. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/ultrasound-in-birds/