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Analgesia in Small Mammals

As in other species, to manage pain successfully, one must know when pain might occur. Several common medical disorders can result in acute pain such as otitis, conjunctivitis, and acute gastrointestinal disease. Chronic pain can arise from conditions such as arthritis, which commonly develops in older…

Paul Flecknell, VetMB, PhD

Dr. Paul Flecknell is the director of the Comparative Biology Centre at The Medical School of the University of Newcastle in Newcastle upon the Tyne…