AEMV-Lafeber Case Report: Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus in a Guinea Pig

Key Points

  • This case report earned second place in the 2018 AEMV Lafeber Company Student Case Report Contest.
  • An adult intact female guinea pig was presented with dysorexia, exhaustion, and weight loss.
  • Radiographic and ultrasound findings demonstrated severe gas dilatation of the stomach, severe gallbladder distension, and abnormalities of organ topography.
  • On laparotomy, a 180-degree gastric dilatation and volvulus was observed with gallbladder obstruction, hepatic lipidosis, and adhesions between the bowels. The guinea pig died 24 hours after surgery.
  • To the authors knowledge, this is the first report of gastric dilatation and volvulus with obvious signs of chronicity in a guinea pig.

An adult intact female guinea pig was presented with dysorexia, exhaustion and weight loss. Radiographic and ultrasound findings demonstrated a severe gas dilatation of the stomach, severe gallbladder distension, and abnormalities on the organ topography. On laparotomy, a 180-degree gastric dilatation and volvulus was noticed with a gallbladder obstruction, hepatic lipidosis, and adhesions between the bowels . . .


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References


1. Dudley ES, Boivin GP. Gastric volvulus in guinea pigs: comparison with other species. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 50(4):526-530, 2011.

2. Huynh M, Pignon C. Gastrointestinal disease in small mammals. Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine 22(2):118-131, 2013.

3. Mitchell EB, Hawkins G, Gaffney PM, MacLeod AG. Gastric dilatation-volvulus in a guinea pig (Cavia porcellus). J Am Anim Hosp Assoc Vol. 46(3):174-180, 2010.

4. Nógrádi AL, Cope I, Balogh M, Gàl J. Review of gastric torsion on eight guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Acta Vet Hungarica 65(4):487-499, 2017.

5. Pignon C, Mayer J. Diagnostic challenge. Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine 19(2):189-191, 2010.

6. Kuypers MC. Prise en charge du syndrome dilatation-torsion de l’estomac chez le cobaye cavia porcellus (Management of gastric dilatation volvulus in the guinea pig). Thèse vétérinaire de l’Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort (Veterinary thesis, Alfort National Veterinary School), 2016.

7. Quesenberry K, Carpenter JW (eds). Biology, husbandry, and clinical techniques. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery, 3rd ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders; 2011: 279-294.

8. Oglesbee BL. Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Small Mammal, 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, 2011: 277-280

To cite this page:

Oriel J, Pignon C. Gastric dilatation and volvulus in a guinea pig. May 30, 2018. LafeberVet Web site. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/gdv/