Order Columbiformes: Species and Breeds

Pigeons and doves belong to order Columbiformes and family Columbidae. Within family Columbidae, there are five subfamilies consisting of 42 genera and 308 species. Pigeons and doves are found on every continent except Antarctica, and they live in virtually all types of terrestrial habitats. Columbids tend to be stocky birds with relatively small heads, short beaks, as well as a fleshy cere and a bare ring of skin around the eyes. Columbiforms also tend to have short, squat legs and long keels . . .

To continue you need to be a LafeberVet.com member. (Français), (Español)

Pour continuer, vous devez être un membre LafeberVet.com

Para continuar, debe ser miembro de LafeberVet.com

Already a LafeberVet Member?

Please Login


Alderfer J. National Geographic Complete Book of Birds. Washington DC: National Geographic; 2006.

BBC News. Wood pigeon ‘most common UK bird’. BBC News. July 4, 2005. Available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/4646685.stm. Accessed Dec 21, 2013.

Camfield A. Columbidae. Animal Diversity Web. 2004. Available at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Columbidae/. Accessed on Dec 6, 2013.

Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Mourning dove. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology website. Available at http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/mourning_dove/id. Accessed Dec 6, 2013.

Emiley A, Dewey T. Zenaida macroura. Animal Diversity Web. 2007. Available at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Zenaida_macroura/. Accessed Dec 21, 2013.

Fancy Pigeon Breed. Breed history. Fancy Pigeon Breeds: South Africa; North of the Vaal Region website. Date unknown. Available at http://fancypigeon.weebly.com/american-giant-runts.html. Accessed April 18, 2016.

Harlin RW. Pigeon therapeutics. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 3(1):19-34, 2000.

Hooimeijer J, Dorrestein GM. Pigeons and doves. In: Altman R, Clubb SL, Dorrestein GM, Quesenberry K (eds). Avian Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 1997. Pp. 886-909.

Pappas J. Streptopelia risoria. Animal Diversity Web. 2002. Available at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Streptopelia_risoria/. Accessed Dec 21, 2013.

Most popular breed? Most expensive breed? April 12, 2007. Pigeon Talk http://www.pigeons.biz/forums/f27/most-popular-breed-most-expensive-breed-20105.html

The Domestic Pigeon Breed. http://nicksiders.angelfire.com/the-domestic-pigeon-breeds.html. Arkansas State Roller Association website

Pigeon Control Resource Centre. Fancy breeds of pigeons. 2009. Available at http://www.pigeoncontrolresourcecentre.org/html/about-pigeons.html#about8. Accessed April 10, 2016.

Rupiper DJ. Diseases that affect race performance of homing pigeons. Part I: Husbandry, Diagnostic Strategies, and Viral Diseases. J Avian Med Surg 12(2):70-77, 1998.

Whitby S. Giant runt. Whitby Wings Farm & Aviary. Available at http://www.whitbywings.com/giant-runt.html. Accessed April 18, 2016.

World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Available at http://www.waza.org/en/zoo/pick-a-picture/caloenas-nicobarica. Accessed December 23, 2013.

To cite this page:

Pollock C. Order Columbiformes: Species and breeds. LafeberVet Web site. Available at  https://lafeber.com/vet/order-columbiformes-species-and-breeds/