Zoonotic concern: Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus in Rodents

Key Points

  • Lymphocytic choriomeningitis or LCM is a rodent-borne viral infectious disease.
  • Humans are infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus or LCMV by direct contact with or inhalation of fresh urine, droppings, saliva, or contaminated nesting materials.
  • Clinical infection in humans can result in serious systemic infection including aseptic meningitis or meningoencephalitis.
  • Anyone who comes into contact with rodents is potentially at risk.
  • Always wash your hands with soap and water after handling rodents or their cages and bedding.

The physical and psychological benefits of pet ownership have been well established, however close contact with pets is not without risks including the potential for transmission of zoonotic disease. Rodents can carry a number of potential pathogens including lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus is found throughout the world in wild rodents. Disease is especially common in . . .


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References

Amman BR, Pavlin BI, Albarino CG, et al. Pet rodents and fatal lymphocytic choriomeningitis in transplant patients. Emerg Infect Dis 13(5):719-725, 2007.

CDC. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/dispages/lcmv/qa.htm. Accessed on Dec 2, 2011.

Friedman E, Son H. The human-companion animal bond: how humans benefit. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 39(2):293-326, 2009.

Mani I, Maguire JH. Small animal zoonoses and immunocompromised pet owners. Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 24(4):164-174, 2009.

Mitchell MA, Tully TN. Zoonotic diseases. In: Quesenberry KE, Carpenter JW (eds). Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery, 2nd ed. St Louis: Saunders, 2004. P. 432.

Nolen RS. CDC on the offensive to stamp out rodent virus. J Am Vet Med Assoc 228(7):995-996, 2006.

To cite this page:

Pollock C. Zoonotic concern: Lymphocytic choriomeningititis in rodents. December 2, 2011. LafeberVet Web site. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/zoonotic-concern-lymphocytic-choriomeningitis-virus-in-rodents/