Zoonotic concern: Salmonellosis in Reptiles

The physical and psychological benefits of pet ownership have been well established, however pet ownership is not without risks such as the potential for transmission of zoonotic disease. Reptiles can carry a number of bacterial, fungal, protozoal, and parasitic pathogens including Salmonella spp. Approximately 6% of human Salmonella spp. infections are acquired from reptiles . . .

To continue you need to be a LafeberVet.com member. (Français), (Español)

Pour continuer, vous devez être un membre LafeberVet.com

Para continuar, debe ser miembro de LafeberVet.com

Already a LafeberVet Member?

Please Login


Aiken AM, Lane C, Adak GK. Risk of Salmonella infection with exposure to reptiles in England, 2004-2007. Euro Surveill 15(22):19581, 2010.

American Veterinary Medical Association. US pet ownership and demographics sourcebook. Schaumberg, IL: American Veterinary Medical Association, 2007.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Multistate outbreak of human Salmonella typhimurium infection associated with pet turtle exposure-United States, 2008. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 59(7):191-196, 2010.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Multistate outbreak of human Salmonella infections associated with exposure to turtles: United States, 2007-2008. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 57:69-72, 2008.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Turtle-associated salmonellosis in humans: United States, 2006-2007. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 56:649-652, 2007.

Cohen ML, Potter M, Pollard R, Feldman RA. Turtle-associated salmonellosis in the United States: effect of public health action, 1970 to 1976. JAMA 243:1247-1249, 1980.

De Jong B, Andersson Y, Ekdahl K. Effect of regulation  and education on reptile-associated salmonellosis. Emerg Infect Dis 11:398-403, 2005.

DuPonte MW, Nakamura RM, Chang EM. Activation of latent Salmonella and Arizona organisms by dehydration of red-eared turtles, Pseudemys scripta-elegans. Am J Vet Res 39:529-530, 1978.

Friedman E, Son H. The human-companion animal bond: how humans benefit. Vet Clini North Am Small Anim Pract 39(2):293-326, 2009.

Harris JR Neil KP, Behravesh CB et al. Recent multistate outbreaks of human salmonella infections acquired from turtles: a continuing public health challenge. Clin Infect Dis 50(4):554-559, 2010.

Johnson-Delaney CA. Reptile zoonoses and threats to public health. In: Mader DR (ed). Reptile Medicine and Surgery, 2nd ed. Saunders Elsevier; St. Louis: 2006. Pp. 1017-1030.

Lamm SH, Taylor A Jr, Gangarosa  EJ, et al. Turtle-associated salmonellosis, I: an estimation of the magnitude of the problem in the United States, 1970-1971. Am J Epidemiol 95:511-517, 1972.

Mermin J, Hutwagner L, Vugia D, et al. Reptiles, amphibians, and human Salmonella infection: a population-based, case-control study. Clin Infect Dis 38(suppl 3):S253-S261 2004.

Mermin J, Hoar B, Angulo FJ. Iguanas and Salmonella marina infection in children: a reflection of the increasing incidence of reptile-associated salmonellosis in the United States. Pediatrics 99:399-402, 1997.

Moffatt CR, Lafferty AR, Khan S, et al. Salmonella rubislaw gastroenteritis linked to a pet lizards. Med J Aust 193(1):54-55, 2010.

Reaser JK Clark EE Jr., Meyers NM. All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses. Zoonoses Public Health 55(8-10):385-401, 2008.

Van Meervenne E, Botteldoorn N, Lokietek S, et al. Turtle-associated Salmonella septicaemia and meningitis in a 2-month-old baby. J Med Microbiol 58(Pt 10):1379-1381, 2009.

Younus M, Wilkins MJ, Davies HD, et al. The role of exposures to animals and other risk factors in sporadic, non-typhoidal Salmonella infections in Michigan children. Zoonoses Public Health 57(7-8):e170-e176, 2010.

To cite this page:

Pollock C. Zoonotic concern: Salmonellosis in reptiles. March 26, 2011. LafeberVet Web site. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/zoonotic-concern-salmonellosis-in-reptiles/