Raptor Ophthalmology: Ocular Lesions

Key Points

  • As a result of its large size and relative lack of orbital protection, any form of cranial trauma frequently involves the eye and its associated structures.
  • Common clinical findings in bird of prey with cranial trauma include eyelid or nictitating membrane laceration, retinal detachment, and hyphema, particularly massive hemorrhage into the vitreous body.
  • The sequelae of lid defects are minimal if the nictitating membrane is functioning normally.

The large size of the raptor eye and its relative lack of orbital protection superiorly and laterally means any form of head trauma frequently involves the eye and its associated structures. In one report, ocular injuries were most commonly caused by vehicular collision, gunshot and leghold traps. The most common clinical finding in birds of prey presented for medical attention is hyphema. Trauma may also lead to . . .


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