Zoonotic concern: Encephalitozoonosis in European Rabbits

Key Points

  • Many rabbits are asymptomatic carriers of E. cuniculi.
  • Encephalitozoon may be spread through contact with rabbit urine.
  • The immunocompromised are at risk for encephalitozoonosis.
  • Clinical disease in humans varies.
  • Avoid contact with the urine of infected or health rabbits, and always utilized good sanitation practices.

Encephalitozoon cuniculi is an obligatory intracellular microsporidian parasite that can infect a wide range of mammals, including humans. The primary host for E. cuniculi is the rabbit. Infections in rabbits are typically subclinical . . .

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