Avian Nutrition Basics

  • Introduction

    Welcome to LafeberVet’s Avian Nutrition Basics slideshow, part of a teaching module on avian nutrition. This 1-hour, R.A.C.E.-approved webinar recording is designed to impart a basic understanding of avian nutrition for the veterinary health professional as well as students in these fields. Completion of this recording is strongly recommended before viewing the recording of the live webinar event “Clinical Avian Nutrition for Veterinary Health Professionals” by Susan Orosz, PhD, DVM, DABVP (Avian Practice), DECZM.

    This program 776-38005 was approved by the American Association of Veterinary State Boards (AAVSB) Registry of Continuing Education (RACE) to offer a total of 1.00 continuing education credits to any one veterinarian and/or 1.00 veterinary technician continuing education credit. This RACE approval is for Category Two: Medical using the delivery method of Non-interactive-Distance. This approval is valid in jurisdictions which recognize AAVSB RACE; however, participants are responsible for ascertaining each board’s continuing education requirements. RACE does not “accredit” or “endorse” or “certify” any program or person, nor does RACE approval validate the content of the program.

    Grey parrot with bowl

  • Objectives

    This lecture will provide an overview on the basic principles of avian nutrition. Topics covered will include: nutritional strategies and related functional gastrointestinal anatomy. The use of a poultry model for pet bird diets will also be discussed before moving onto a review of nutrients (water, energy, protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, and minerals), physiologic states (growth, maintenance, reproduction), as well as specific feedstuffs (seeds commonly fed to birds, nectar, etc.).

    Objectives

  • Recording

    This recording should be viewed with AUDIO ENABLED. You can also download the lecture outline now.

  • Test your knowledge

    Take the brief post-test. With a passing grade of 70% or higher, you can earn a certificate for 1-hour of continuing education credit.

    Please Note:  You must register and login to LafeberVet to access the quiz and generate your continuing education certificate.

  • Clinical avian nutrition

    Now you’re prepared to view the recording of the live webinar event by Dr. Susan Orosz: Clinical Avian Nutrition for Veterinary Health Professionals.

    SEO PPT Title Slide

  • References

    Corrier DE, Hinton A, Ziprin RL, Deloach JR. Effect of dietary lactose on Salmonella colonization of market-age broiler. Avian Dis 34(3):668-676, 1990.

    Dastar B, Khosravi A, Boldajie F, Ghoorchi T. Effect of calcium with and without probiotic, lactose, or both on organ and body weights, immune response, and caecal microbiota in moulted laying hens. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr 100(2):243-250, 2016.

    Gülsen N, Coskun B, Umucalilar HD, et al. Effect of lactose and dired whey supplementation on growth performance and histology of the immune system in broilers. Arch Tierernahr 56(2):131-139, 2002.

    Klasing K, Hawkins M. Nutritional equivalency report: Comparison of a fortified whole-grain diet (Nutri-Berries) with a pelleted diet for companion birds. LafeberVet. May 23, 2009. Accessed on Oct 12, 2019. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/formulated-diets-in-avian-nutrition/.

    Klasing KC. Comparative Avian Nutrition. CAB International; New York, New York, 1998.

    Koutsos E. Foundations in avian nutrition. In: Speer BL (ed). Current Therapy in Avian Medicine and Surgery. St. Louis: Elsevier; 2016: 142-150.

    Koutsos EA, Matson KD, Klasing KC. Nutrition of birds in the order Psittaciformes: a review. J Avian Med Surg 15(4):257-275, 2001.

    McReynolds JL, Byrd JA, Genovese KJ, et al. Dietary lactose and its effect on the disease condition of necrotic enteritis. Poult Sci 86(8):1656-61, 2007.

    Orosz SE. Clinical avian nutrition. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim 17(3):397-413, 2014.

    Orosz SE. Nutritional strategies for the companion parrot. LafeberVet. Dec 10, 2008. Accessed on Oct 12, 2019. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/nutritional-strategies-for-the-companion-parrot/.

    Orosz SE. Formulated diets in avian nutrition. LafeberVet. Dec 18, 2007. Accessed on Oct 12, 2019. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/formulated-diets-in-avian-nutrition/.

    Orosz SE. Formulated diets in avian nutrition. LafeberVet. Dec 18, 2007. Accessed on Oct 12, 2019. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/formulated-diets-in-avian-nutrition/.

    Orosz SE. Clinical perspectives on the principles of avian nutrition. LafeberVet. Dec 5, 2007. Accessed on Oct 12, 2019. Available at https://lafeber.com/vet/clinical-perspectives-on-the-principles-of-avian-nutrition/.

    Roudybush TE. Nutrition. In: Altman RB, Clubb SL, Dorrestein GM, Quesenberry (eds). Avian Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 1997.

    Ullrey DE, Allen ME, Baer DJ. Formulated diets versus seed mixtures for psittacines. J Nutr. 1991;121:S193–S205.

    van Zeeland YRA, Schoemaker NJ, Lumeij JT. Contrafreeloading in grey parrots. Proc Assoc Avian Vet 2009:9.

    van Zeeland YRA, Schoemaker NJ, Ravesteijn MM, et al. Efficacy of foraging enrichments to increase foraging time in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 149:87-102, 2013

     

    Further reading

    Gelis S. Advancements in nutrition of loridae. In: Speer BL (ed). Current Therapy in Avian Medicine and Surgery. St. Louis: Elsevier; 2016: 142-150.